Advice on Sports Betting

It is when effects start to go erroneous and you have go on boarded upon a trailing stripe that the regulation of sticking to your scheme and staying inside your betting plans suits the most hard thing to do. It must not be also complex. It should be one that has revealed to return constantly over a long phase of instance. Afforded your method is a winner and your gambling pool and gambling plan is appropriately worked out inside that scheme, then ultimately your losing stripe will twist around and your method will become lucrative once more. A betting plan must typically be from 1% to 2% for a method that entails you to enlarge your gambles after a slaughter and from 5% to 10% for a method that remains level bets at all instance.. To know about different sports betting techniques visit this link.

Your gambling bank or staking arrangement must be worked out in combination with your gambling methods. If your methods are so perplexing that you are unsure you are receiving it precise then, noticeably it is useless to you.

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Betting Through Bank

Becoming triumphant at gambling on games is attainable but having an approach and fastening to it is vital for that to occur. This is a vital piece of games betting guidance.

Choose a system which is already proved

The most significant piece of games betting suggestion I can provide you is – find a scheme that is a confirmed victor. Here are presently a few oddments of sports gambling guidance that will assist you return from this potentially productive marketplace.

Author’s Bio:

If are not somebody who can waited restricted and alerted on whatsoever betting approaches you are with then you ought to not even think taking it up as a severe alternative. The accessible funds must be ample enough to coat any trailing stripe you may have and sufficient to gradually pick up flipside into profit

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Disadvantages Of Online Games Addiction

Playing games is supposed to be fun and bring relaxation to our mind and life, so I think we should not let them take control of our lives.

If you are into video games, other than the negative effect of spending hours in front of the games, there is also the problem of getting involved in violent games, which may not be good. So you can see how it was a big waste of time and effort.

I have written this hub based on my personal experience with playing online games and the negative consequences I had experienced. It may even affect your behaviour and result in other situations which can also affect your social life. But the momentary temptation in me to play the games, easily wasted the points in few minutes of time, that I earned over time. As you can understand, the hard earned points had the potential to earn me some money.

When I started thinking about working from home and making an income online, I also tried some sites that have some good games that entertain you.I didn’t invest any cash to play m88 asia games, but I lost my hard earned points for playing games. It is proven that those addicted to playing games tend to have an irritable nature sometimes, as a result of the negative consequences of lost games.. As parents, I think we have the responsibility to make sure our kids are not engaging too much in violent video games, which can affect them in a negative way.

If you are into gambling and invest money to play casino games and other online games, it is much more clear that the main disadvantage is the amount of money that is already lost and the amount of money that may be lost in your near future. While those who make the games may argue that they are just games and they should be taken in that way, we can see that the video games are mostly played by kids. While you may gain some good money when you gamble and play, the serious addiction will most probably lead to negative situations both financially and socially.

While staying away from the games may not be an option, I think having control over our time and the money that is spent over the games is very much essential. This can bring debts which you may not be able to pay back and it has the potential to bring negative situations to your life. If you want to share anymore disadvantages with regards to playing games, feel free to share them in the comment section!

There are far more negative consequences and disadvantages if you are addicted to playing games, whether they are free online games, or the casino games that need money for gambling, or the video games that you purchase and play at the comfort of your home.

The serious addiction to games can affect your financial security, relationships and also social life. It was a real waste of time and effort

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Sports gamblers’ site proves a good business bet.

So did a lot of the 100,000 subscribers to his e-mail newsletter.

Kulesa operates Wunderdog Sports Picks, a sports prognosticating service, out of his house in Golden. East” and helps Kulesa with the game picks and writing up the analyses. He writes about small-business money issues and how startups are launched. And when we give out losing picks–and we do–we get people mad at us, and I don’t blame them. It took me a few years to get to the point where I could emotionally handle that.”

Whether or not online gambling is ever legalized in the U.S., he sees a huge upside for Wunderdog. anywhere except Las Vegas, but Kulesa says gray areas come into play when wagers are taken by offshore operations.

“Now, having said that, people don’t like to lose. He foresees revenues topping $1 million this year with a lean team that consists of two full-timers–one for website development and another for customer service–plus a contractor in Connecticut, Russ Laribee, who goes by the name “Mr. Most of my customers are people who just want a little extra on the game for fun.


“I can’t say we knew the Giants were going to win the game,” he says, “but we were real confident they were going to keep it close and at least cover the spread.”

. All rights reserved.

Wunderdog revenues have gone from $5,000 in 2001 to $70,000 his third year to $700,000 last year. Last year his website,, garnered more than a million visits and 76 million page views.

Wunderdog’s free opt-in newsletters include a complimentary pick to demonstrate Kulesa’s sports-picking prowess and convince bettors a full package is worth paying for. Read this and Taylor’s past columns on the Web at and e-mail him at

Geoff Kulesa had more than a casual interest in the New York Giants’ Super Bowl upset of the New England Patriots back in February. “And if they ever legalize it, regulate it, it’s going to explode.”

“My goal was to have something profitable from day one, be very conservative about spending any money and just seeing where it went,” says Kulesa, who is married with three kids.

Kulesa says Wunderdog’s winning percentage is 55 percent to 60 percent, which doesn’t sound great until you consider he’s picking against point spreads set by Las Vegas oddsmakers whose aim is to adjust the spread until there are roughly equal numbers betting on each side.

Kulesa, who has an MBA from Northwestern, spent eight years with Hewlett-Packard before moving on to Denver-area startups SafeRent and Service Magic. “There’s no reason it couldn’t be 10 times as big, 20 times as big in five or 10 years,” he says. In addition to nonpaying newsletter subscribers, Wunderdog has 500 to 1,000 customers at any given time who pony up for additional picks in a given sport–$20 for one day, $75 for a week, $199 for a month or $500 to $600 for a full season.

“Inevitably the people who are the most upset bet too much,” he says. Many decide it is. His lean approach stands in contrast to the venture capital-fueled startups he witnessed in the late ’90s.

COPYRIGHT 2008 Wiesner Publications, Inc.

No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.

Mike Taylor is the managing editor of ColoradoBiz. One reason he believes Wunderdog has grown is because of the attention he pays to customers, especially when they have a losing week.

It’s illegal to take bets in the U.S. “I ask them, ‘How much is your bankroll?’ And they’re like, ‘Oh, you wiped me out.’ Well, you should never get wiped out in a weekend. “I have yet to come across anyone like that in doing this for six years. Most people lose at sports betting, and it’s not because their picks are so bad, it’s because they’ve managed their money poorly.”

It also helps when you advise your subscribers to go with a heavy underdog like the Giants to cover on the biggest stage in sports, and they do.

The negative perception associated with the sports-betting industry hasn’t been his experience.

It’s added up to some staggering growth for an activity Kulesa used to do for fun when he was a business major at CU and grew to the point two years ago that he quit his job as VP of marketing for Service Magic, an Internet lead-generation company.

Copyright 2008 Gale, Cengage Learning. About 85 percent of revenue comes from paying customers, the rest from advertising.

“A lot of people have this picture of these degenerate gamblers, people betting the mortgage and the college fund,” he says

official website :

The Evolutionary Psychology of David Buss

Over a period of four years, Buss began the International Mate Selection Project. Realizing that there must be more to life than truckers, he moved back to Texas and enrolled in night classes so he could finally get his diploma.

David Buss’ Academic History

Despite poor grades, Buss was accepted to the University of Texas thanks to the school’s experimental lottery system. Data were collected from 37 samples across 33 countries that spanned six continents.

Results of the Human Mate Preferences Study

When the project was complete, Buss had collected information from 10,047 culturally, politically, and economically diverse people. Across cultures, people tended to place the same importance on particular characteristics in terms of mate-seeking behavior, certainly suggested the existence of evolutionary predestination–at least with regard to mate preferences. Although he excelled in mathematics, he barely passed in other subjects. Even with such a tremendous diversity of subjects, however, consistent patterns emerged.

Buss found that each of his predictions had empirical support from the data he collected. In the previously cited interview, Buss pointed out that “the study was critical in helping to establish evolutionary psychology as an empirical discipline, rather than one involved in speculation or untested hypotheses.”

David Buss as an Advocate for Evolutionary Psychology

Since completing this influential study, Buss has been a recognizable voice in advocating evolutionary psychology. Buss dropped out of high school at age 17 and moved to New Jersey where he found late-night work at a truck stop. By contrast, male fertility is not strongly correlated to elements of physical appearance because male reproductive ability is not as closely tied to age as female fertility is. The concept was simply that personality traits could be measured in terms of how frequently the person performs trait-specific behaviors.. In spite of these things, however, Buss continues to bring evolutionary psychology to greater attention.

In 1976, he entered the graduate program at the University of California at Berkeley where he met his long-time collaborator, Ken Craik. He soon became involved in the university’s Evolution and Human Behavior Group, which consisted of biologists, psychologists, anthropologists, and psychiatrists whose distinct perspectives fostered Buss’ interest in evolutionary psychology.

The Mate Selection Studies of David Buss

His most important contribution to the field was a study that sought to find empirical evidence for the existence of evolutionary psychological mechanisms. The 1984 paper noted, “[e]volutionary biology and personality psychology, broadly conceived, share several common concerns.”

Due to skepticism that accompanied evolutionary explanations of psychological processes, Buss had to find solid evidence. The participants represented cultures that ranged from South African Zulu to mainland Chinese. “I knew that I had to go overboard and document the findings beyond a reasonable doubt. Together they developed the “act frequency” approach to personality psychology. Among them was the prediction that “[m]ales, more than females, [would] value relative youth and physical attractiveness in potential mates because of their links with fertility and reproductive value.”

David Buss Asked Why We're Attracted to OthersDavid M. That is why I set out to study as many cultures as I possibly could,” he said in a 2004 interview. Through numerous journal articles and books written for the public, Buss has publicized the mechanisms underlying evolutionary psychology.

A number of female physical characteristics indicate fertility, like smooth skin, good muscle tone, and full lips. Buss, born in Indiana in 1953, spent his early years with his head in the clouds instead of in books. As this was such a highly speculative prediction, Buss needed a way to find evidence to support this and other evolution-driven hypotheses.

Despite his success, Buss’ work has not been without controversy. The job provided interesting encounters with eccentric people, but Buss had a limit. Academically, his childhood performance left much to be desired. In the June 2007 Texas Monthly, he said, “Everything I’ve ever done has been attacked” and that he has occasionally been the victim of hate mail and malicious rumors. There, his interest in creative fiction and its portrayal of human nature fused with a new-found adoration of science and led Buss to develop an interest in psychology.

He left Harvard, however, in 1985 and traveled to the University of Michigan where he became an associate professor. Buss instead preferred engaging his wild imagination and playing chess.

Upon completing his PhD in 1981, Buss became an assistant professor at Harvard University where he published a paper concerning the evolutionary roots of personality. In a 1989 Behavioral and Brain Sciences paper, Buss made a number of predictions about male/female mate preferences based on evolutionary speculation

Geological Exploration Expands Showing Extensive Gold Mineralization: Additional Gold Veins Discovered From The ”Operation Cagayan De Oro” Binasan Gold Project, Pearl Asian Mining Announces

STOCKPILE: Almost all of the existing stockpiles were transferred to the main stockpile located beside the gold mill processing plant. On the other hand, the Jessie Vein shows changes on the geology with the occurrence of massive quartz vein recovered on the deeper portion. Re-opening of a nearby tunnel, available to PAIM, was also finished, for the purpose of getting additional information with regard to the mineralization of the area. Forward-looking statements in this release include statements regarding the Company’s projections regarding gold production in future periods. Those veins were already plotted on the map and revealed good potential for gold deposits.

MANILA, Philippines–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Aug. Stockpiling for Lalaine, Michelle, Jessie and Koline Veins continues. Rock samples were taken for further studies. The risk of commodity price fluctuations; political and regulatory risks; risks of obtaining required operating permits and other risks and uncertainties. Penny Stocks are very highly speculative and may be unsuitable for all but very aggressive investors.

GEOLOGY: Foot traverse using compass-tape survey was made by our Geological Mapper, George Carpio, and covered approximately 12 hectares of the initial 20-hectares mining area. Initially, it was interpreted as epithermal gold deposit but during the analysis, it was noticed that the quartz veins are still within the joints and beds of the host rock which means it is part of placer gold deposit.



MILL PLANT: Construction of the building for the gold mill plant is nearly complete. Additional 8 veins were identified and some other geologic structures were recorded that contribute to the gold mineralization of the area. Furthermore, most of the veins have showings of the presence of silicates probably quartz and amphiboles, black minerals such as magnetite, and chromite with patches of iron oxides and blue color mineral considered to be a tarnish of pyrite. The remaining 8 hectares are part of the exploration program which are an extension of the mineralization in the area that has been cut and separated by local fault lines. There were additional gold veins discovered from the “Operation Cagayan De Oro” Binasan Gold Project. 15, 2006–Pearl Asian Mining Industries (OTC:PAIM) EVP & Chief Geologist Regino L Selvano PRC Lic. These veins were named as Ming Zhu, Hazel, Raye, Benn, Bernadette, Nikki, Tanya and Angeline. It is expected to be 100% complete once the gold equipment reaches the mine site on or around August 20th, as it has already passed customs. The Company disclaims any intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as the result of new information, future events or otherwise.

The third quarter of 2006 will see the transition of this once small scales mining site of the Indigenous People into an operational and productive site bringing employment to the local community of the Higaonon Tribes.

Forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from the anticipated results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. The “Operation Cagayan De Oro Gold Project” is planned with a minimum risk, cost effective enterprise and will serve as the model and the pioneer for more gold mining projects planned by Pearl Asian Mining Industries (PAIM) throughout the Philippines Archipelago. At present, Lalaine Vein has recovered a volume of approximately 30 cubic meter stockpile and still shows good signs of gold deposits. 0001474 reports that geological exploration continues & expands showing extensive gold mineralization. No. The Factors that could cause actual result to differ materially from anticipated results includes risks relating to estimates of reserves, mineral deposits and production costs; mining and development risks

Butuan City, Home Sweet Home

You can easily go there through the jeepney or the bus or you can hire a van (what we call the PU) to take you to the various places in the region.

There you have it, all about my home, Butuan City. When you go to any of these restaurants, try their kinilaw (raw tuna fish cooked in vinegar). There’s the Balanghai Museum, the museum in Libertad, the City Hall of Butuan and the newly-built state-of-the-art bridge (called Macapagal Bridge, but some want to call it Butuan Bridge). For those who are worried about going to Butuan because it is in Mindanao (read: the travel advisories), don’t. There are also a lot of tourist spots in other parts of the Caraga Region and they are just one to two hours away from Butuan.

Where to Stay

There are a number of hotels and inns in Butuan. When you go to Margie’s Kitchen, make sure to try their cakes, especially Cookie Monster. Want to eat native food? Go to Lutong Bahay ni Aling Cora (Home Cooked Food of Ms. Or you can go to Pit Stop Coffee Shop which is at the back of the Otis Shell Station along the highway.Or go to Margie’s Kitchen, which also serves pasta, cakes, breads and hot meals. For now, let me just leave a final note. There’s Pan de Pugon (Bread of the Oven) with its fresh bread (so fresh, it was baked only within the last 24 hours) and its 24-hour operation. There are a lot more I can write about Butuan (and I will). This website features some of these hotels –

Where to Eat

Butuan is one of the cities where you can eat to your heart’s content while still maintaining your budget (not your waistline though LOL).

If you want to know more about my hometown, visit this site –

Where to Go

There are a lot of places you can go to in Butuan. Or you can try Narra Restaurant, a very old restaurant here in Butuan with its own recipe for garlic chicken. Madiyao nga adlaw sa inyong tanan (Good day to all of you)!

If you’re a bread lover, there are lots of bakeries in Butuan. Others include Goat2geder Hotel and Restaurant, Royal Plaza and Balanghai Hotel. This city (knock on wood) is very peaceful. They offer quality service at low prices (one night is like 1,000 pesos per person or $20/person or even lower). If you want Chinese food, go to Rosario’s.. Its specialty is kalderetang kambing (goat with sauce). I’m not saying it’s crime free (what place is?) but what you read in the news is like far away from this place. I’ll bet you haven’t tasted anything like it before.

If you want to go farther, just barely 2 and a half hours away, is Siargao Islands, known for its surfing and waves. It’s the equivalent of the Japanese sashimi and it’s really delicious. But what I have written here is just a short summary of this city. These are also the premium hotel here. You can also go to Goat 2Geder, a hotel and restaurant in one where you can eat native foods. Cora) for a taste of their barbequed chicken (Pinoy style) or to Weegol’s, another place known for its chicken. Some of these hotels cna be found in the main highway such as Almont Inland Resort and Dottie’s Place – Hotel and Restaurant. There’s also Julie’s Bakeshop, Rose Bakeshop, Gold n’ Pearl and Madelicious Bakeshop. Try their baked spaghetti, potato salad and loaded omelet, these are the best (and my favorites too!). So, if you want to go somewhere inexpensive where you can be laid back and relaxed, go to Butuan (just don’t forget to drop me a note here so that I can show you the sights and places I have written in this hub). You can go there anytime, buy a freshly baked bread and eat it with hot coffee. Make sure you visit the Libertad Museum where you will see the famous balangay boat (which dates as far back as 320 AD).

If you want to go for a coffee, there’s True Brew with it’s brewed coffee, capuccinos and frappes

Second Typhoon Bears Down on Philippines

In neighboring Isabella, gusting winds knocked a rider off his motorcycle, and trees and billboards were blown down.

Typhoon Parma slammed into the Philippines on Saturday, knocking down trees and power pylons with powerful winds and pelting the already sodden country with more heavy rain. 26 that killed at least 288 people in the worst flooding in four decades in the Southeast Asian country.

Taiwan issued a storm warning and began moving people out of villages in the southern county of Kaohsiung, local official Lin Chun-chieh said. It went on to hit other Southeast Asian countries, killing 99 in Vietnam, 14 in Cambodia and 16 in Laos.

It was part of more than a week of destruction in the Asia-Pacific region that has claimed more than 1,500 lives so far: an earthquake Wednesday in Indonesia; a tsunami Tuesday in the Samoan islands; and Typhoon Ketsana across Southeast Asia.

Trees were uprooted and power poles toppled in the provincial capital of Tuguegarao, Cagayan local government official Bonifacio Cuarteros told The Associated Press by telephone. It changed course overnight Friday and largely bypassed Manila, the capital, which in many parts was still under chest-deep water.

The storm — the country’s second in eight days — roared ashore in the northern province of Cagayan at mid afternoon after picking up speed as it swirled toward the coast, said chief government forecaster Nathaniel Cruz.

Further south, officials began moving back tens of thousands of people who had been evacuated from coastal areas that might have been in the path of the storm.

Parma was packing sustained winds of 108 mph and heavy rain, the national weather bureau said.

Cruz said earlier the storm’s change in direction overnight had lessened the risk of another flood disaster in Manila, but warned the storm was still dangerous in the north.

“We pray that we won’t have a worse outcome, but with this kind of situation, we cannot really say,” Cuarteros said.

Weather bureau chief Prisco Nilo warned the rain could trigger landslides and flooding, and strong winds could also create tidal surges “similar to a tsunami” along the eastern coast.

Tens of thousands of people were moved to safe ground across the Philippines ahead of the typhoon, which came on the heels of another storm on Sept. “But 175 can still uproot trees and destroy houses and blow down roofs.”

It was cutting a path across the northeastern tip of the main island of Luzon and was headed in the direction of Taiwan, where evacuations of southern villages were under way.


But Parma was not expected to cause as much damage as the earlier storm, Ketsana. There were no immediate reports of injuries.

“It is good news, especially for those whose houses are still under water,” Cruz said. Flash floods from the last typhoon to hit the Kaohsiung area killed about 700 people in August.

Last week, Ketsana damaged the homes of more than 3 million people in the Philippines

TechCrunch Disrupt San Francisco 2014 Announces Startup Battlefield Finalists

Each year, the conference

brings together tech titans, noted thought-leaders and experienced

entrepreneurs to offer unique insights into industry

topics-of-the-moment – and to highlight the best and brightest of the

year’s new startups.

Judges and speakers joining TechCrunch for onstage sessions throughout

the show are:


Arrillaga-Andreessen (Laura Arrillaga-Andreessen Foundation) 


Banister (Banister Capital) 


Benioff ( 


Bianchini (Mightybell) 


Botha (Sequoia Capital) 


Brunner (Ammunition) 


Burka (Google Ventures) 


Cahan (Yahoo!)


Casey (PCH International) 


Chesky (Airbnb) 


Chou (Pinterest) 


Christensen (Harvard Business School) 


Conrad (True Ventures) 


Cooper (Carmenta Bioscience) 


Cuban (Dallas Mavericks) 


Dietzen (Pure Storage) 


Ebersweiler (HAXLR8R) 


Elman (Greylock Partners) 


Felser (Freestyle) 


Forrest (Highway1) 


Gilbert (Detroit Venture Partners) 


Hambrecht (WR Hambrecht + Co) 


Hames (Big Health) 


Hamoui (Sequoia Capital) 


Hartz (Eventbrite) 


Hartz (Eventbrite) 


Holmes (Theranos) 


Hoover (Product Hunt) 


Kalanick (Uber) 


Karia (Silicon Valley Bank) 


Khosla (Khosla Ventures) 


Koller (Coursera) 


Leary (Nextdoor) 


Lee (Cowboy Ventures) 


Lee (SV Angel) 


Levchin (Affirm, HVF) 


Lilly (Greylock Partners) 


Lin (Twitch) 


Livingston (Y Combinator) 


Mayer (Yahoo) 


Messer (Collective[i]) 


Morin (Path) 


Penchina (Fastly) 


Pishevar (Sherpa Ventures/SherpaFoundry) 


Prager (The Assembly) 


Prince (Cloudflare) 


Rabois (Khosla Ventures) 


Rad (Tinder) 


Ravikant (AngelList) 


Ready (Braintree/Paypal) 


Rimer (Index Ventures) 


Rose (North, Google Ventures) 


Salzberg (Blue Apron) 


Sequeira (General Catalyst) 


Sharkey (Sherpa Foundry) 


Shear (Twitch) 


Sinofsky (Harvard Business School) 


Slavet (Greylock Partners) 


Speiser (Sutter Hill Ventures) 


Spiering (EyeEm) 


Spiro (Good Eggs) 


Stanford (Sherpa Ventures/SherpaFoundry) 


Sweeney (Accel Partners) 


Thiel (Founders Fund) 


Tisch (Box Group) 


Tullman (7wire Ventures) 


Tunguz (Redpoint) 


Walk (Homebrew) 


Xu (DoorDash) 

About TechCrunch Disrupt SF

The list of Startup Battlefield finalists for 2014 includes:

Captured on television’s hit show “Silicon Valley” and happening in

front of a rapt audience at San Francisco’s Pier 48, Startup Battlefield

gathers emerging companies to demo on a worldwide stage. Morning executive discussions debate

technology-driven disruptions in many industries, while the afternoons

are reserved for the Startup Battlefield, where 30 new companies will

launch for the first time on stage, selected to present from more than

1000 applications received from around the world. The winning company

will receive a $50,000 grand prize and the Disrupt Cup at the conclusion

of the conference. 8-10, 2014 at Pier 48,

located at 297 Terry A Francois Boulevard in San Francisco’s Mission Bay


SAN FRANCISCO–(BUSINESS WIRE)–TechCrunch today announced 26 finalists for the Startup Battlefield at

this year’s TechCrunch Disrupt San Francisco. 10, competitors will fight it out and

pitch their products live on the Disrupt stage in front of a panel of

Silicon Valley’s finest, including venture capitalists, notable tech

influencers and tried and tested innovators, for a shot at a $50,000

prize and the Disrupt Cup. The conference is Sept. 8, through Wednesday, Sept.


Disrupt SF 2014 is TechCrunch’s eighth annual conference in San

Francisco. From Monday,

Sept. The format combines top thought-leader discussions with new

product and company launches. Winners will be announced at the closing

awards ceremony on Wednesday evening at 6:15 p.m.



Athla LLC 




Disease Diagnostic Group 



FOVE, Inc 

IsItYou, Ltd. 



Mongoose Technologies, Inc. 

Palate Home Inc. 



Pattern EQ 

QuickFire Networks 




Lender LLC 



SOP notify 




Brands Ltd. 

Valor Water Analytics 


Since it began in 2007, the more than 400 companies that have

participated in Startup Battlefield have raised more than $2.4 billion

in funding, and the stage has launched household names including Mint,



and Fitbit.

My Take: The Christmas message of the real St. Nicholas – CNN Belief Blog

Known as the myrrh or manna of St. Through a grate you will see a large marble and concrete tomb, St Nicholas’ final resting place.

CNN’s Belief Blog: The faith angles behind the biggest stories

The poor man reasoned that it was impossible to marry off his three beautiful daughters because they lacked dowries for proper marriages to respectable noblemen. The story of his helping the three sisters jumped off the dry page of history and into the minds and imaginations of young girls and boys and adults.

They found more than they had bargained for: Nicholas’ bones were floating in a sweet-smelling liquid like oil or water. Nick than meets the eye. Those in the pews had never heard anything like it.

Editor’s note: Adam C. Nicholas. Nicholas was easy to spot. Nicholas of Myra” (Baylor University Press, 2012) and associate professor of religion at Campbell University.

When Nicholas returned to deliver anonymously the third bag of gold for the last daughter, the curious father was ready. More churches would be dedicated to him than to any other person except Mary, the mother of Jesus. Instead of fixating on the commercialization and greed that plague the modern Santa Claus, I chose to see in it the lasting power of a simple act of kindness.

Sometime later, Nicholas made a second nighttime visit so that the second daughter might marry. He feared they would each in turn be forced into prostitution to support themselves.

Little is known for certain about the life of Nicholas, whose name means “the people’s champion.” He was born sometime after the year 260 and died sometime after 333.

But St. He bagged a sum of gold and in the dead of night, tossed it through the man’s window. The man grew so desperate that he lacked the very essentials of life.

No wonder, then, that sailors from Bari wanted his bones. It is said that the city was intentionally constructed in a topsy-turvy way so that anyone trying to raid it would get swallowed and lost in its labyrinth. Nicholas, hiding swords and shovels under their clothes. His bold initiative to help three poor girls in need sparked a tradition of gift-giving that has carried into modern times. He attended the Council of Nicaea in 325 with the other bishops of the Christian empire, where he would have seen the Emperor Constantine.

By Adam C. The first medieval drama that was not intended as a worship ritual and that was written in the vernacular was about Nicholas.

Christmas exposes atheist divide on dealing with religion

Four years ago, I embarked on a quest to discover the truth about Santa Claus and the original St. Nicholas, the liquid was highly valued for its purported miraculous and therapeutic qualities.

The Barians resolved that his bones be moved, or “translated,” to use the expression of the day. As soon as they entered the church, they barred the doors, smashed the marble cover and looked inside.

He was bishop of the church in Myra in what was then the Roman province of Lycia, Asia Minor. He challenges us at this time of year to give not only to those we know and love, but also to those we do not know and especially to those who find themselves in need.

Nicholas heard this heartbreaking news and resolved to do something about it. English is author of “The Saint Who Would Be Santa Claus: The True Life and Trials of St. Under the nose of the Turkish overlords in control of the area 47 Barian sailors disembarked at Myra disguised as pilgrims.

And there, in a gray tomb, lies the “real” Santa Claus. He did not want praise or recognition for his generosity.

More than a footnote to the legend of Santa Claus, Nicholas is a model of Christian kindness, an inspiration for charity and a saint to be remembered. The basilica housing that tomb dates to the 11th century. Later tradition reported that, finding the windows closed, he dropped the bag of gold down the chimney, where it landed into one of the girl’s stockings that was hanging to dry.

Every year on May 9, one of the Dominican friars charged with the upkeep and care of the Basilica di San Nicola squats down in front of a small opening in the tomb and slowly collects a vile of the myrrh of St. The vast majority of saint stories that circulated in the early church involved extraordinary miracles and healings or dramatic martyrdoms and confessions of Christ.

Down dark steps you will enter a candle-lit crypt, built in 1089, supported by 26 marble columns. Nicholas. When he heard a bag hit the floor, the father leapt to his feet and raced outside, where he caught the mysterious benefactor.

The opinions expressed in this commentary are solely those of Adam C. To this day, Nicholas’ tomb continues to excrete a small amount of watery liquid.

When medieval Christians looked at the great church frescoes, basilica mosaics and cathedral stained glass pictures of Jesus, Mary, John the Baptist, the apostles and saints of old, there was little to distinguish one saint from another.

They quietly made their way to the church of St. It is the tale of three poor daughters.

Nicholas revealed his identity to the father but made him swear never to tell anyone what he’d done. You can go into the basilica and pray, rest or just gawk, but the real show lies below.

They involved monks who went into the desert and experienced the tempting of the devil and the burning of the sun, mothers who’d had their entrails spilled onto the Colosseum floor for Christ, mystics who saw the heavens open in their visions.

Indeed, Nicholas would become the most popular nonbiblical saint in the pre-modern church. English.

The bones were taken back to Italy and a basilica was erected in Bari to house them. It seemed only a matter of time before they would plunder the tomb of St. It is then diluted in holy water and bottled for pilgrims and visitors.. In the 1080s, Seljuk Turks invaded Lycia and Asia Minor (what is now Turkey).

Nicholas had been aware of a certain citizen of Patara – in Lycia, modern-day Turkey – who had once been an important and wealthy man of the city but who had fallen on hard times and into extreme poverty. He was always pictured carrying three bags of gold. Nicholas.

The old town of Bari is a brambly, medieval maze of streets and alleyways that cross and crisscross. The magical Christmas Eve visits from Santa Claus represent the vestige of this old story. The money was used as a dowry for the first daughter.

But the Nicholas story was about a regular family facing a familiar crisis to which ordinary people could relate. My search took me many places, sending me finally across the Atlantic to Bari, on Italy’s Adriatic coast.

Perhaps he would have slipped into obscurity as nothing more than a minor saint – originally he was a patron saint of sailors – except for one unique story that circulated about him shortly after his death.

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It’s such a strange and surprising tale that historians assume it must be based to a large degree on fact. If you keep wandering, though, eventually you pop out onto a plaza and see the Basilica di San Nicola.

More impressive than its connection with modern-day Santa Claus traditions is the tale’s historical uniqueness. English, Special to CNN

So there is a lot more to the story of St

Maximising your Chances with Fixed Odds Football Betting

There are ways to reduce the odds and greatly improve the chances of winning. That is the first part.

Then, we need a way of assessing each match in advance to arrive at a likely outcome, ideally being able to put a number to this so that we can compare one match with another and decide which is more likely to be a home win, a draw or an away win. Over the whole season (40 pools coupons), 45% of matches were home wins, 26% were away wins, and 27% were draws (score and non-score draws combined).

Assessing Matches

(c) 2010 Phil Marks

Now, we could take the basic league positions as the guide to form, but this can change on a day to day basis for reasons unrelated to the team itself – for example by the results of other teams. So, whilst in practice we could stake say 10p per combination, that is a big stake for 18,000 lines and we would not cover it with a win on account of the fixed odds (even if the bookie would take the bet), though we would in all probability have many winning lines if there were say 8 draws in the results.

However, if we were to lay a bet of 3 draws from 10 matches (120 separate bets), or 5 aways from 10 (252 separate bets) then we would likely get much better odds. This means that in general they will tend to lose against better teams, and win against poorer teams. The quality of the teams is reflected by their position in their league, when the season has stabilised and ‘all other things are equal’.

Overall these are just averages – each week will be different and there will be some unexpected results.. After all, to forecast 3 draws from 49 matches on a random basis is quite a long shot (the odds are over 18,000 to 1). In some countries, fixed odds betting on a group of matches – for example picking 3 draws – is more popular than the Treble Chance (the British game of forecasting 8 score draws from 49 matches).

So, to maximise our chances of winning, whether it is the treble chance or fixed odds, we need a method to spread our stakes.  We do this using plans or perms, which enable us cover many combinations. In this way we can arrive at a ranking for each of the 49 matches on a British coupon (which may of course cover Australian football matches during the British summer). So, we need to have a slightly more sophisticated system of assessing team performance which takes account of recent results (but how recent?). That is the second part.

How Many Draws?

Generally, most football teams perform in line with their recent results history. In a 10 horse race, you have odds of 10/1 of picking the winner. This is because the odds are much longer; however, if we pick our 10 draw forecast carefully, then we can reduce the odds considerably, and still have the possibility of multiple winning lines.

Analysis of the 2009-2010 British football season gives us an idea of what the average outcomes are. With fixed odds betting, the bookie will have adjusted the payout odds to account (initially) for the likely outcomes, and the odds will drift depending on the stakes being placed.

We Need a Staking Plan

Performance History

So, with a team performance measure, a way of comparing matches and the above statistics, we can start to ‘home in’ and where the draws might lie (or, for that matter, the homes and aways, if that is your betting preference).

Fixed odds football pools betting is not basically different to the treble chance – or is it? Any form of betting requires that you minimise the odds against you, but with pools betting we have opportunities that, for example, betting on horses does not offer

Typhoon 10W (Linfa), #21 FINAL – Pacific Storm Tracker

Wednesday, July 8, Hong Kong time: Linfa has begun curving northwest and intensified slightly more than in PST’s previous update; it’s now packing 69-mph sustained winds and 86-mph gusts, just below Category 1-equivalent typhoon strength.

Though it’s not forecast to be an especially powerful storm, this one bears considerable watching.

JTWC projects Linfa to skirt the northeast coast of Luzon between 2 a.m. Sunday, July 5 Philippines time: Linfa is still crossing northern Luzon and is expected to head back out over open water sometime early Monday morning, according to the Joint Typhoon Warning Center.

4:45 p.m. Saturday, July 4, Philippines time: Linfa is still having trouble making up its mind which way it wishes to go. Thursday, July 2, Philippines time: Joint Typhoon Warning Center wasted little time issuing its first warning on Tropical Depression 10W, mere hours after a formation alert was posted. UPDATE: Signal 2 has been issued for Isabela and Northern Aurora.

Joint Typhoon Warning Center still shows Linfa tracking slowly north toward Taiwan and is forecast to enter the Formosa Strait early Saturday morning as a tropical depression.

Joint Typhoon Warning Center forecasts Linfa to briefly reach Category 1-equivalent typhoon strength at about 8 a.m. Public storm warning Signal 2 remains in effect for northen Luzon and the groups of islands to its north.

12:30 a.m. China, Taiwan or Japan’s southwestern islands could be targets; PST will wait and see.

Tropical Storm Linfa, which appeared to be on course to skim the northeast coast of Luzon, made a sharp turn southwest Friday afternoon, putting it on a revised Joint Typhoon Warning Center forecast track that takes it over northern Luzon as a fairly strong tropical storm.

6:15 a.m. Thursday, July 9, Hong Kong time: Linfa has been downgraded to a tropical storm and has made landfall over southeastern China, but is still packing a powerful punch

11 p.m. Unless some drastic changes occur, PST takes leave of Linfa.

Plus, there’s the possibility of interaction with Tropical Storm Chan-hom as it makes its way northwest toward Japan’s southwestern islands.

Linfa is then projected to continue southwest, diminishing into a tropical depression as it passes over Hainan island at mid-afternoon Saturday.

There’s still much uncertainty where it will head once it leaves island Tuesday morning. Public storm warning Signal 2 is still in effect for some areas of northern Luzon and its island groups to the north.

10:30 p.m. Thursday, July 2, Philippines time: For the moment, Luzon appears to be safe from Tropical Depression 10W’s worst, likely missing the island altogether to the northeast. Tuesday, July 7, Hong Kong time: Linfa continues intensifying as it crawls north through the South China Sea; Joint Typhoon Warning Center forecasts Linfa to peak at 69-mph sustained winds and 86-mph gusts, just below Category 1-equivalent typhoon strength. Sunday, July 5, Philippines time: Linfa has exited northern Luzon into the South China Sea and is starting to curve northeast in the general direction of Taiwan. Early indication from the Pacific Tropical Cyclone Center has the disturbance moving slowly northwest in the general direction of northern Luzon; whether it makes landfall is too early to tell. Dynamic model guidance differs as to where it might head from there, and there’s still the possibility of interaction with Typhoon Chan-hom as it heads northwest toward Japan’s southwestern islands.

11 a.m. Sunday before heading back out over open water.

Linfa is then forecast to re-emerge over water, but model guidance is all over the lot from that point. Unless major changes occur, PST takes leave of Linfa.

It should diminish as it approaches the southeast China coast, still packing 52-mph sustained winds and 69-mph gusts as it roars almost directly overhead of Hong Kong at about 3 a.m. The new storm, some 584 miles east of Manila, is currently headed north but JTWC forecasts a turn starting this afternoon, with a rendezvous with the Philippines’ northernmost island of Luzon possible as early as next Tuesday. Sunday, July 5, Philippines time: Tropical Storm Linfa has made landfall over northeast Luzon and is cross the northern portion of the island, packing sustained 46-mph winds and 58-mph gusts. Too soon to say definitively.

11 a.m. Sunday. Wednesday, July 8, Hong Kong time:Linfa has reached its peak at 63-mph sustained winds and 81-mph gusts as it continues crawling north through the South China Sea a tad west of the southern tip of Taiwan, according to the Joint Typhoon Warning Center.

11:15 p.m. Tuesday Taiwan time, then diminish as it moves over cooler waters and interacts with southwestern Taiwan; secondary landfall is forecast for about 2 a.m. It remains a minimal Category 1-equivalent typhoon, sporting a 23-mile-wide eye and packing sustained 75-mph winds and 92-mph gusts at its center as of Thursday morning.

The Philippines’ national weather authority PAGASA still has public storm warning Signal 2 up for northern Luzon and the Babuyan and Cagayan group of islands north of Luzon. Where 10W heads after that is anybody’s guess; much too early in the life of the storm to say definitively. Friday, still packing a mean wallop, sustained winds as high as 52 mph and gusts as high as 63 mph.

5:15 p.m. The latest Joint Typhoon Warning Center forecast track has Tropical Storm Linfa once more skimming the northeast coast of Luzon island into the groups of islands north of there.

After ravaging northern Luzon over the weekend, Linfa is re-intensifying into a strong tropical storm, forecast to peak at 63-mph sustained winds and 81-mph gusts at mid-afternoon Wednesday, according to the Joint Typhoon Warning Center.

While dynamic model guidance has improved some, there still remain differences in term of track speed, possible interaction with Tropical Storm Chan-hom, a whole series of factors. The Philippines’ national weather authority PAGASA still has public storm warning Signal 1 in place for northern Aurora, Quirino, Isabela, Cagayan including Calayan and Babuyan group of islands north of Luzon. Monday, July 6, Taiwan time: Linfa continues to deteriorate as it presses north as a mild tropical storm. Areas of northern Luzon are still being affected by high winds and heavy rain along the west coast.

5 p.m. Thursday, July 2, Philippines time: Looks as if the main portions of the Philippines’ northernmost island of Luzon may be spared 10W’s worst, grazing the northeast coast as it continues moving northwest. Linfa has intensified overnight into a tropical storm and is still on course to skirt the northeast coast of the Philippines’ northeast island of Luzon early Sunday morning.

7:30 p.m. At the moment, JTWC projects Linfa to move north toward Taiwan and diminish into a tropical depression sometime Friday afternoon.

In the coming hours, Joint Typhoon Warning Center forecasts Linfa to make a sharp left turn and make an almost-direct hit on Hong Kong at about 2 a.m. Friday, July 3, Philippines time: Tropical cyclones can be such unpredictable buggers.. and 2 p.m. PST has an eye on it.

Linfa is then projected to make a sharp left turn and pass as close as 42 miles north of Hong Kong at about midnight Thursday. Friday, and it should diminish into a tropical depression by late Friday. Dynamic model guidance differs in terms of track speeds, so it’s too soon to say where and when. It’s forecast by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center to perhaps miss Taiwan altogether and curve toward China as a tropical depression; however, telemetry is suggesting that the lower-level circulation center is unraveling and Linfa could die out earlier than forecast. Friday, July 10, Hong Kong time: Tropical Storm Linfa has crested past Hong Kong and appears as if it will dissipate over southeastern China and not even reach Hainan island, as previously forecast. Tuesday, July 7, Hong Kong time: Well, apparently PST isn’t quite done with Linfa just yet; Hong Kong may be next on its itinerary.

11:30 a.m. Joint Typhoon Warning Center forecasts Linfa to weaken as it interacts with land, but make an almost-direct hit on Hong Kong as a significant tropical storm, packing sustained 52-mph winds and 63-mph gusts as it roars past. It’s forecast to strengthen into a tropical storm by mid-morning Friday and into a Category 1-equivalent typhoon by Sunday evening as it passes north of Luzon. All dynamic models except one are in agreement with this track.

7:15 p.m. Even areas as far southeast at Metro Manila should take care to avoid flooded areas, while landslides and flooding are possible in northwestern mountainous sections.

10:30 p.m. Saturday, July 4, Philippines time: Tropical Storm Linfa has resumed a northwesterly track and is forecast to crash ashore over northeastern Luzon around 8 a.m. It could still be packing 46-mph sustained winds and 58-mph gusts at its center as it roars past.

4:30 p.m. Should it become a named storm, it would be called Linfa, Macaoan for Lotus. As always, heavy rain is generally associated with tropical cyclones that affect the Philippines, causing flooding and landslides.

Dynamic model guidance remains all over the place from that point, with one model taking Linfa into the South China Sea and the others curving the system north and northeast at varying degrees. Friday, July 3, Philippines time: Not much change to previous forecast. Sunday., packing sustained 63-mph winds and 81-mph gusts as it makes its way over land, according to the Joint Typhoon Warning Center’s latest track.

Tropical storm warning Signal 2 is in effect for Isabela, Quirino and Northern Aurora, with Signal 1 in effect for various other parts of northern Luzon including the island groups to the north.

The Philippines’ weather authority PAGASA has set public storm warning Signal 1 for Isabela and Cagayan, including Calayan and Babuyan group of islands north of Luzon.

11:45 p.m. Some models take Linfa over the South China Sea, while others have Linfa moving north-northeast toward Ishigaki in Japan’s southwestern island group.

Linfa is forecast to make a sharp turn west-southwest and pass 24 miles north of Hong Kong just after midnight Thursday, still packing 40-mph sustained winds and 52-mph gusts as it rumbles past.

8:30 a.m. Average forecast wind speed remains 63-mph sustained and 81-mph gusts as it makes its way over Luzon’s northern mountains and back out over open water. Thursday, July 2, Philippines time: Joint Typhoon Warning Center issued early Thursday morning a tropical cyclone formation alert on a disturbance 615 miles east of Manila. From there, Linfa is projected to weaken into a tropical depression as it passes Hainan island on Sunday.

3:30 p.m. Monday, July 6, Philippines time: Tropical Storm Linfa continues moving slowly north, back over water in the South China Sea. Thursday, July 9, Hong Kong time: Linfa has strengthened into a Category 1-equivalent typhoon, packing 75-mph sustained winds and 92-mph gusts as it makes its way northwest toward the southeast China coast. A number of factors are involved and we could see a vast number of changes in the coming hours and days.

The Philippines’ national weather authority PAGASA has Kalinga, Apayao, Isabela, Quirino, Northern Aurora, Cagayan including Babuyan and Cagayan group of islands in public storm warning Signal 2, meaning winds between 40 and 74 mph are expected within 24 hours.

6 p.m. It’s still projected to make a sharp left turn Thursday morning, then pass about 60 miles north of Hong Kong at 11 p.m. Thursday, July 9, Hong Kong time: Little change to previous forecast; Linfa is still on course to make a near-direct hit on Hong Kong. The latest Joint Typhoon Warning Center’s forecast track takes Linfa north toward Taiwan and diminishing into a tropical depression, but there are many variables among dynamic models.

Most models show Linfa becoming a Category 1-equivalent typhoon at mid-morning Sunday, then curving northeast over the southern tip of Taiwan and toward Japan’s southwestern islands Sunday into Monday, but there’s still uncertainty over possible interaction with Tropical Storm Chan-hom and what effect that might have. There’s every chance Linfa could track deeper into China and dissipate; other models suggest Linfa could re-emerge into the South China Sea along China’s southeast coast and even reach the east coast of Hainan Island as a tropical depression late Saturday.

10 a.m. Saturday, July 4, Philippines time: Tropical Storm Linfa’s zig-zag walk is beginning to track it west and is forecast to curve northwest over northern Luzon and then over the islands to the north. 10W is forecast to become a Category 1-equivalent typhoon early Monday afternoon. The Philippines’ weather authority PAGASA has issued public storm warning Signal 1 for Isabela and Cagayan.

Linfa is projected turn back northwest and pass 195 miles northeast of the former Clark Air Base around 7 a.m. Winds between 40 and 74 mph are expected within 24 hours.

Joint Typhoon Warning Center forecasts Linfa to track 27 miles north of Hong Kong at about 9 p.m., still packing a rather large wallop, 63-mph sustained winds and 81-mph gusts at its center.

But dynamic model guidance varies. PST will keep an eye on it


3:30 p.m. Sunday, packing sustained 58-mph winds and 75-mph gusts at its center, though areas far north of Clark should experience those sorts of winds. It should pass 214 miles northeast of Clark Free Economic zone around 8 p.m. Friday, then slowly dissipate east of Hainan island mid-morning Sunday.

1 p.m. Thursday, still packing 52-mph sustained winds and 63-mph gusts at its center.

Public storm warning Signal 2 is still in effect for Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur and Abra, while Signal 1 remains in effect for Batanes, Calayan and Babuyan Group of Islands, Northwest of Cagayan, Apayao, Kalinga, Mount Province, La Union and Benguet, according to the Philippines national weather authority PAGASA

When is a bet not a bet? A day at the Iran races | Reuters

“He once won 30 million rials.”. I predicted correctly,” said the 18-year-old.

“Last year someone won $75,000 there in a bet,” a race official said, speaking on condition of anonymity.

The really big bets happen at bigger tracks, particularly at the 10-000 capacity Gonbad-e Kavoos hippodrome in northern Iran.

As the horses pass the finishing line, the spectators — including dozens of women — jump up from their seats near the track and rush to the predictions office to see how much they have won and place money on the next one.

“People are reluctant to place big bets with the prediction office,” he said . Camel racing — popular in some Arab countries across the Gulf — is not a significant sport in Iran and archery has no great popular following.


Most of the people buying prediction tickets legally from the racetrack office did not seem concerned, however.

“I knew he would win. “Big bets take place unofficially and the winnings are exchanged from hand-to-hand.”

NOWRUZABAD, Iran As Rio Collection galloped across the finishing line, Sardar hooted with joy and high-fived his friends.

People can also place bets on horses through the federation’s website, but that misses out on the spectacle.

The 2,000-capacity Nowruzabad track off a major highway to the west of Tehran is the only track easily accessible to the population of the capital. “I just paid 50,000 rials. I hope I can win something,” said Erfan, 15.

In pre-revolutionary Iran, horse riding was considered an elite sport. Mohammad Reza Pahlavi — the last shah who was overthrown in the 1979 uprising led by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini — was a keen horseman and aimed to expand racing.

“I just lost 30,000 rials but I had a lot of fun,” said fine arts student Tamanna, 30, showing her ticket printed with a line that says cash spent buying the ticket goes to support the horse races, rather than in the hope of winning.

Of the total money coming into the official betting office, some 70 percent is given out as winnings with the remaining 30 percent going to cover the costs of racing.

The Koran describes gambling as “evil, unclean and Satanic” and people found guilty of illegal gambling in the Islamic Republic can be sentenced to flogging and jail.

Cleric Mahmoudi warned of the dangers of gambling.

“I had a great time,” Tamanna said. Odds are not given before the race and returns are calculated afterwards.

The way it works is that jockeys authorise the horse-racing committee to place bets for other people on their behalf.

Despite its limited availability, people from many walks of life crowd the “predictions” office next to the track in Nowruzabad where legal betting takes place inside a building where an electronic screen advertises: “Make a prediction, win a prize”.

But technically, he added, only the archery contestants and riders of the horses or camels in the races are permitted to bet.

(Editing by Sonya Hepinstall)

Under Islamic sharia law, gambling is generally seen as illegal and Sardar’s wager, made with a friend, was actually not permitted. It hold races over a 10-week season each year.


“I always buy prediction tickets from this office but my dad bets directly with others,” he said. “In a way we are donating this money to help develop the races.”

Inside, a dozen women, wearing obligatory headscarves, sit behind windows, taking predictions and paying out winnings. But thanks to certain religious rulings, many race-goers are permitted to put money on the horses legally as long as they are “predicting” through official channels.

After the revolution the idea fell out of favour and today there are only four racetracks in the country. Not by “betting” on the horse, he insisted — betting is illegal under Iran’s Islamic law — but by “predicting” Rio Collection would win.

Wearing loose black trousers and speaking with a strong local accent, Sardar, a carpenter, said he chose not to buy prediction tickets as winnings were limited.

“The bettor makes gains easily, without working and this causes others to lose money with consequent dissatisfaction and grief,” he said, pointing out one reason Islam regards gambling as “haram”.

“In negotiations with some sources of emulation , we finally managed to receive permission to bet on horses under certain conditions,” said Ebrahim Mohammdzadeh, an official at Tehran’s horse-racing committee.

“All forms of gambling are haram (forbidden by Islam) except for horse racing, camel racing and archery,” said Mohsen Mahmoudi, a cleric at a north Tehran mosque, adding that those manly, warrior sports were all encouraged by the Prophet Mohammad.

Betting among individuals is not legal but still goes on.

To make it possible for spectators to take part, the Equestrian Federation of Iran sought permission from senior clerics known as “sources of emulation”, to whom Shi’ite Muslims turn for guidance on moral issues.

However, three forms of gambling are permitted under Islam, said a cleric consulted on the matter by Reuters.

Prediction tickets can be bought for as little as 10,000 rials (around $1) with no official upper limit, although large bets are rare. As well as a computer screen with race details, each has a basket into which they toss the takings.

He had just won 200,000 rials (almost $20)